The Massachusetts Quiet Title Action: A Remedy Of Last Resort To Resolve Complex Title Defects

by Rich Vetstein on March 30, 2017 · 1 comment

in Massachusetts Real Estate Law

When All Else Fails, Quiet Title

Quiet title cases are lawsuits typically brought in the Land Court in order to resolve complex title defects — often as a last resort for property owners when conveyancing attorneys and title insurance companies cannot cure title issues using traditional methods. Usually quiet title cases involve missing interests in the chain of title such as unknown heirs or relatives of the property owner who cannot be found. Other times they can involve easements, missing mortgage discharges, or adverse possession. The statute governing quiet title actions is M.G.L. chapter 240, section 6.

The Curious Case of the Two Sisters

Let me give you an example of one of my recent quiet title cases. My client, “Mr. Jones,” is trying to sell his childhood home in Cambridge where his mother lived. The mother recently passed away. Unknown to everyone, title to the property was originally held by the mother and her sister back in 1947, but the deed mistakenly referred to them as a married couple. As a result of this drafting error and the age of the deed, they are considered tenants in common, so when the sister died, her interest went to her family (rather than to her sister, the surviving joint owner). When my client’s mother died, he only inherited a 1/2 interest in the property, with the other half following the sister’s heirs. Murphy’s Law — the sister has no known heirs. She had no children, her husband passed away, and no probate or will can be found for either of them. Oh, and the sister and her husband lived in Queens, NY all their lives! So I’ve brought a quiet title action in the Land Court to have the judge decree that my client is the rightful owner of the property. We have published a legal notice in the local Queens, NY newspaper and will need to file affidavits demonstrating that my client’s side of the family owned and cared for the property for decades.

Cost and Time

Quiet title actions are not for the faint of heart or inexperienced attorneys. Only a handful of lawyers in Massachusetts do these on a regular basis, and I happen to be one of them. Fortunately, the Land Court judges are very experienced with the subject matter and quite helpful in guiding attorneys along in the process. It can take up to 6 months to get a final judgment in a quiet title case. If it is a contested case, throw that out of the window. In terms of cost, it is not cheap. A client can expect to pay at least $5,000 in legal fees and expenses. But the alternative is not being able to sell the property, so it’s usually money well spent!

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If you need assistance with a potential Massachusetts Quiet Title Case, please email me at rvetstein@vetsteinlawgroup.com or call me at 508-620-5352.

 

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